Transitional Bilingual Education (TBE): Students receive academic instruction in their first language for part of the day while they also receive ESL services plus some mainstream classes the rest of the day. The goal is to prepare students to enter mainstream English classrooms, usually completed in three years.
Maintenance/Late Exit Bilingual Education: Instruction in students’ first language usually continues through 6th grade, although by 6th grade, most subjects are taught in English. The goal is to preserve and enhance students’ skills in their first language while they acquire English.
Native Language Literacy (NLL): Students receive some or all of their literacy instruction in their first languages, generally in kindergarten through third grade.